Get python version in script without import or eval

Find variable assignments in a python file using the ast module without executing the file.

Given any of the following 3 files, we can find the value of the VERSION variable.

VERSION = (3, 0, 0, 'alpha', 0)
VERSION = '3.0'
from __future__ import print_function

import ast

filename = ''
version = None
with open(filename, 'r') as source_file:
    module = ast.parse(
    for descendant in ast.walk(module):
        if not hasattr(descendant, 'body'):

        if not isinstance(descendant.body, list):

        for assignment in descendant.body:
            if not hasattr(assignment, 'targets'):

            target = assignment.targets[0]
            if != 'VERSION':

            value_type = type(assignment.value)
            if value_type == ast.Num:
                print('number found on line number {}'.format(assignment.lineno))
                version = assignment.value.n
            elif value_type == ast.Str:
                print('string found on line number {}'.format(assignment.lineno))
                version = assignment.value.s
            elif value_type == ast.Tuple:
                print('tuple found on line number {}'.format(assignment.lineno))
                parts = []
                for element in assignment.value.elts:
                    element_type = type(element)
                    if element_type == ast.Num:
                        value = element.n
                    elif element_type == ast.Str:
                        value = element.s
                        value = None
                version = tuple(parts)

print('type: {}'.format(type(version)))
print('version: {}'.format(version))


tuple found on line number 1
version: (3, 0, 0, 'alpha', 0)
number found on line number 1
version: 3.0
string found on line number 1
version: 3.0
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